What if we can stop diseases before they spread? That’s the intention of Microsoft’s Project Premonition, which hopes to prevent epidemics such as the Zika virus from taking numerous lives. The idea is to make use of mosquitoes as the ultimate field biologists.
By setting up specialised traps in the hot spot areas, mosquitoes will probably capture and then examined what bacteria if any they are carrying. Ultimately, the team hopes to use drones to identify hotspots.
The traps have perfect compartments designed with infrared laser beams. When the flutter of a mosquito’s wing is detected, the chamber automatically shuts its door, trapping the mosquito for later study. An algorithm can recognise the species by scanning the virus, taking into account the time and the quantity of light available, before the data is then transmitted to researchers. It’s hoped this can easily be used to spot outbreaks before they disperse.
Africa continent is regarded as the most affected by malaria due to a combination of factors
- A very useful mosquito (Anopheles gambiae complex) is mainly responsible for high transmission.
- The predominant parasite species is Plasmodium falciparum, which is the species that is most likely to stimulate severe malaria and death.
- Local weather conditions often facilitate transmission to occur year round.
Scarce resources and socio-economic instability have hindered effective malaria control Malaria is among the most the most severe public diseases worldwide. It is also a leading cause of death and sickness in many developing countries around the world, where young children and pregnant women are the people most affected. According to the World Health Organization’s World Malaria Report 2013 and the Global Malaria Action Plan
- 3.2 billion people (half the world’s population) live in areas at risk of malaria transmission in 106 countries and territories
- In 2016, malaria caused an estimated 216 million clinical episodes, and 445, 000 deaths. A rated 91% of deaths in 2016 were in the WHO African Region activities.
- Direct costs (for example, illness, treatment, premature death) have been estimated to be at least US$ 12 billion per year. The value of lost economic growth is many times more than that.
Autonomous drones are used to find hotspots of mosquitoes in a particular area and then drop traps down to collect them.
The robotic traps use infrared light to detect the species of mosquito. If it’s one of interest, the door shuts, and the bug can then be analysed.
Scans check the blood of the mosquitoes for harmf